Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Cultures

School of Design

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Stephen Westland

Chair of Colour Science and Technology

0113 343 3752

Clothworkers' Link Building, Room 1.34

BSc (Leeds) PhD (Leeds) CCol FSDC

Professor of Colour Science and Technology (2003-)

Faculty Director of Impact and Innovation, Faculty of Performance, Visual Arts and Communications (2015-2018)

Acting Pro-Dean for Research, Faculty of Performance, Visual Arts and Communications (2015-2016)

Acting Dean, Faculty of Performance, Visual Arts and Communications (2012-2013)

Head of School of Design (2006-2013)

Director of Research of School of Design (2005-2006 and 2013-2015)

Research interests: colour measurement, colour design, colour management, sustainable coloration and colour vision.

Biography

I joined the University of Leeds in 2003 to take up a Chair in Colour Science and Technology following academic posts at in a School of Neuroscience (Keele University) and a School of Engineering (Derby University). I was Head of School of Design (2006-2013) and Acting Dean of the Faculty for a semester in 2012.

I have published over 100 peer-reviewed papers, book chapters and books in the areas of colour science, colour imaging and colour design. I have been awarded several major research grants from government (e.g. EPSRC, MoD) and industry (e.g. Colgate, Unilever, Xerox, Fuji Film Electronic Imaging, Avecia, and Lenzing). I have supervised 26 PhD students to completion and has been external examiner to 40 PhD students at universities in the UK (e.g. Manchester University, University of East Anglia, University of Central Lancashire) and overseas (e.g. Hong Kong Polytechnic University). In 2008 I was awarded a Fellowship of the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the Royal Photographic Society’s Davies Medal for my work on colour imaging.

I am an Adjunct Senior Scientist at the Dental School of the University of Texas (USA). Since 2009 I have been a member of the International Advisory Board at the Colour and Imaging Institute at Tsinghua University (China). Since 1998 I have been a member of the International Editorial Board of the Journal of Coloration Technology and in 2006 helped to launch a new journal (as editor) Colour: Design and Creativity that was renamed in 2012 as the Journal of the International Colour Association. I am also a member of the editorial boards of Journal of Textile Science and Engineering (2011-) and the Slovene Journal for Textile Clothing Technology, Design and Marketing (2009-). I was an active partner in the European-funded project CREATE which is a training network for young researchers interested in colour from all disciplines. I am the author of Computational Colour Science using MATLAB (published by Wiley in 2004) and the second edition of this text was published in 2012. I am passionate about colour education and regularly blog at wordpress.

Research Interests

My main research interest s colour and I my projects are structured around two main themes: colour technology, and non-visual effects of colour. However, I have interests outside of colour and I have recently set up a new research group in the School of Design in the area of experience design. I am happy to receive applications from students to study for PhD in any of these areas – please contact me to discuss.

Colour Technology – I am interested in measuring the colour of things that are traditionally considered as being difficult. Currently I am very active in the measurement of tooth colour and how to assess perceptual whiteness. I am also interested generically in both whiteness and blackness. I have core expertise in colour management and colour measurement and work closely with a number of companies in these areas. We all know that energy could become an increasingly scarce commodity in the future. However, perhaps more important will be a shortage of clean water. Our use of coloured textiles, in particular, is not sustainable. Changes in consumer behaviours is needed; however, can we develop ways to colour textiles and fibres that do not use much water and energy and which produce minimal effluence?

Non-Visual Effects of Colour – The auditory system has two functions (hearing and balance). Similarly the visual system also has two functions (sight and non-visual function). Light affects our circadian systems and can influence our alertness and performance in a way that is wavelength dependent. It is therefore no surprise that it can also affect us on an emotional level. I am interested in studying these effects and also exploring how they can be used in the design of products, websites and personal and commercial spaces.

I enjoy working with companies and actively seek collaborations because working with people who are solving real-world problems is extremely satisfying and I find I learn a great deal from my industrial colleagues and collaborators that enriches my wider academic studies. A list of publications is available below. However, to see my full list of publications (including many publications that can be downloaded as PDFs) please visit my personal page at the University.

Teaching

Level Subject
Level 2 Colour: Art and Science
Level 3 Independent Study Dissertation
MSc Colour and Imaging Science
MA Design MA Advertising and Design

Responsibilities

Acting Pro-Dean for Research (2015)
Acting Dean of Faculty (2012)
Head of School of Design (2006-2013)
Director of Research for School of Design (2005-2006)

Publications

Books

  • Westland S, Ripamonti C, Cheung V (2012) Computational Colour Science Using MATLAB. Wiley.

  • Westland S, Ripamonti C (2004) Computational colour science using MATLAB. John Wiley.

Journal articles

  • Oulton DP, Westland S (2017) “Vector-based modelling of colour difference: a pilot study of the DE2000 colour difference model”, Coloration Technology. 133.1: 15-25.
    DOI: 10.1111/cote.12242

  • Won S, Westland S (2016) “Colour meaning and context”, Color Research and Application.
    DOI: 10.1002/col.22095, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/110943/

  • Hemingray C, Westland S (2016) “A novel approach to using neural networks to predict the colour of fibre blends”, Coloration Technology. (Accepted)
    DOI: 10.1111/cote.12220, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/99016/

  • Lee S, Kwak Y, Westland S (2015) “Color difference evaluation for digital pictorial images using the magnitude estimation method”, Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 59.1: 010503+.
    DOI: 10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2015.59.1.010503

  • Westland S, Li Y, Cheung V (2014) “Monte Carlo analysis of incomplete paired-comparison experiments”, Journal of Imaging Science and Technology. 58.5: 50506-1-50506-6.
    DOI: 10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.2014.58.5.050506, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83595/

  • Moreland JD, Cheung TLV, Westland S (2014) “Evaluation of a model to predict anomalous-observer performance with the 100-hue test”, Journal of the Optical Society of America A. 31.4: A125-A130.
    DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.31.00A125, Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83693/

  • Shin MJ, Westland S, Moore EM, Cheung TLV (2012) “Colour preferences for traditional Korean colours”, Journal of the International Colour Association. 9: 48-59.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/76070/

  • Mohammadzadeh M, Mohammadzadeh M, Westland S (2011) “The significance testing of a skewed color-imaging data set”, Final Program and Proceedings - IS and T/SID Color Imaging Conference. : 43-47.

  • Li Y, Westland S, Cheung V (2011) “Evaluation of incomplete paired-comparison experiments”, Final Program and Proceedings - IS and T/SID Color Imaging Conference. : 39-42.

  • Tao L, Westland S, Cheung V (2011) “Blackness: Preference and perception”, Final Program and Proceedings - IS and T/SID Color Imaging Conference. : 270-275.

  • Chen Q, Wang L, Westland S (2011) “The perceptual study of the tolerance of spectral images based on bootstrap analysis”, Advanced Materials Research. 301-303: 1151-1156.
    DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.301-303.1151

  • Day PF, Duggal MS, High AS, Robertson A, Gregg TA, Ashley PF, Welbury RR, Cole BO, Westland S (2011) “Discoloration of teeth after avulsion and replantation: results from a multicenter randomized controlled trial.”, J Endod. 37.8: 1052-1057.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.joen.2011.04.014

  • Chen Q, Wang LJ, Westland S (2011) “A study of metameric blacks for the representation of spectral images”, Applied Mechanics and Materials. 55-57: 1116-1121.
    DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.55-57.1116

  • Chen Q, Wang L, Westland S (2010) “The study of linear model for spectral images”, 2010 2nd IITA International Conference on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IITA-GRS 2010. 1: 521-524.
    DOI: 10.1109/IITA-GRS.2010.5602587

  • Moreland JD, Westland S, Cheung V, Dain SJ (2010) “Quantitative assessment of commercial filter 'aids' for red-green colour defectives”, Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics. 30.5: 685-692.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2010.00761.x

  • Mahyar F, Cheung V, Westland S (2010) “Different transformation methods between CIELAB coordinates and Munsell hue”, COLOR TECHNOL. 126.1: 31-36.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2010.00224.x

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Pretty I, Cheung V (2009) “Development of a whiteness index for dentistry.”, J Dent. 37 Suppl 1: e21-e26.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2009.05.011

  • Zhang YQ, Cheung V, Westland S, Beverley KJ (2009) “Colour management of a low-cost four-colour ink-jet printing system on textiles”, COLOR TECHNOL. 125.1: 29-35.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2008.00172.x

  • Zhang YQ, Westland S, Cheung V, Burkinshaw SM, Blackburn RS (2009) “A custom ink-jet printing system using a novel pretreatment method”, COLOR TECHNOL. 125.6: 357-365.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2009.00218.x

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Pretty L (2008) “Assessing gloss of tooth using digital imaging”, Society for Imaging Science and Technology - 4th European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision and 10th International Symposium on Multispectral Colour Science, CGIV 2008/MCS'08. : 307-311.

  • Kim JS, Choi MS, Koo BK, Luo MR, Westland S (2008) “Colour difference modelling for moving images”, Society for Imaging Science and Technology - 4th European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision and 10th International Symposium on Multispectral Colour Science, CGIV 2008/MCS'08. : 173-176.

  • Goswami P, Blackburn RS, Taylor J, Westland S (2008) “Erratum: Dyeing behaviour of lyocell fabric: Effect of fibrillation (Coloration Technology (2007) vol. 123 (387))”, Coloration Technology. 124.4: 259+.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2008.00150.x

  • Joiner A, Hopkinson I, Deng Y, Westland S (2008) “A review of tooth colour and whiteness.”, J Dent. 36 Suppl 1: S2-S7.

  • Mohan N, Westland S, Brunton P, Ellwood R, Pretty IA, Luo W (2008) “A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel tray based tooth whitening system”, J DENT. 36.1: 21-26.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2007.10.002

  • Goswami P, Blackburn RS, Taylor J, Westland S, White P (2008) “Dyeing behaviour of lyocell fabric: effect of fibrillation (vol 123, pg 387, 2007)”, COLOR TECHNOL. 124.4: 259-259.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2008.00150.x

  • Luo W, Westland S, Brunton P, Ellwood R, Pyetty IA, Mohan N (2007) “Comparison of the ability of different colour indices to assess changes in tooth whiteness”, J DENT. 35.2: 109-116.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2006.06.006

  • Goswami P, Blackburn RS, Taylor J, Westland S, White P (2007) “Dyeing behaviour of lyocell fabric: effect of fibrillation”, COLOR TECHNOL. 123.6: 387-393.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2007.00113.x

  • Paravina RD, Westland S, Kimura M, Powers JM, Imai FH (2006) “Color interaction of dental materials: Blending effect of layered composites”, DENTAL MATERIALS. 22.10: 903-908.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2005.11.018

  • Cheung V, Westland S (2006) “Methods for optimal color selection”, J IMAGING SCI TECHN. 50.5: 481-488.
    DOI: 10.2352/J.ImagingSci.Technol.(2006)50:5(481)

  • Westland S, Owens H, Cheung V, Paterson-Stephens I (2006) “Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment”, COLOR RES APPL. 31.4: 315-319.

  • Moreland JD, Westland S (2006) “Macular pigment and color discrimination”, VISUAL NEUROSCIENCE. 23.3-4: 549-554.
    DOI: 10.1017/S0952523806233522

  • Paravina RD, Westland S, Imai FH, Kimura M, Powers JM (2006) “Evaluation of blending effect of composites related to restoration size.”, Dent Mater. 22.4: 299-307.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2005.04.022

  • Cheung V, Westland S, Li C, Hardeberg J, Connah D (2005) “Characterization of trichromatic color cameras by using a new multispectral imaging technique.”, J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 22.7: 1231-1240.

  • Lee SM, Xin JH, Westland S (2005) “Evaluation of image similarity by histogram intersection”, Colour Research Application. 30.4: 265-274.

  • Cheung V, Westland S, Thomson M (2004) “Accurate estimation of the nonlinearity of input/output response for color cameras”, COLOR RES APPL. 29.6: 406-412.
    DOI: 10.1002/col.20061

  • Cheung V, Westland S, Connah D, Ripamonti C (2004) “A comparative study of the characterisation of colour cameras by means of neural networks and polynomial transforms”, COLOR TECHNOL. 120.1: 19-25.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S, Da Pos O (2004) “Conditions for perceptual transparency”, Journal of Electronic Imaging. 13.1: 29-35.
    DOI: 10.1117/1.1636764

  • Barath VS, Faber FJ, Westland S, Niedermeier W (2003) “Spectrophotometric analysis of all-ceramic materials and their interaction with luting agents and different backgrounds.”, Adv Dent Res. 17: 55-60.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2003) “Prediction of transparency perception based on cone-excitation ratios.”, J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 20.9: 1673-1680.

  • Westland S (2003) “Review of the CIE system of colorimetry and its use in dentistry”, Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. S1: 5-12.

  • Westland S (2003) “Review of the CIE system of colorimetry and its use in dentistry.”, J Esthet Restor Dent. 15 Suppl 1: S5-12.

  • Thomson M, Westland S (2001) “Colour-imager characterization by parametric fitting of sensor responses”, COLOR RES APPL. 26.6: 442-449.

  • Bruno N, Westland S (2001) “Colour perception may optimize biologically relevant surface discriminations - rather than type-1 constancy”, BEHAV BRAIN SCI. 24.4: 658-+.

  • Bruno N, Westland S (2001) “Colour perception may optimize biologically relevant surface discriminations – rather than type-I constancy”, Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 24.4: 658-659.
    DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X01260087

  • Wuerger SM, Owens HC, Westland S (2001) “Blur tolerance for luminance and chromatic stimuli”, Journal of the Optical Society of America. 18.6: 1231-1239.

  • Wuerger SM, Westland S, Owens H (2001) “Intrinsic blur for luminance and the red-green stimuli.”, INVEST OPHTH VIS SCI. 42.4: S320-S320.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2001) “Perceptual transparency for chromatic and iso-luminant stimuli.”, INVEST OPHTH VIS SCI. 42.4: S50-S50.

  • Connah D, Westland S, Thomson MGA (2001) “Recovering spectral information using digital: camera systems”, COLOR TECHNOL. 117.6: 309-312.

  • Chou W, Lin H, Luo MR, Westland S, Rigg B, Nobbs S (2001) “The performance of the new CIE lightness difference formula”, Coloration Technology. 117.1: 19-29.

  • Moreland JD, Westland S (2001) “Efficacy of a color conversion filter in color-vision testing”, COLOR RES APPL. 26: S258-S260.

  • Westland S, Graham C, Addison S, Sharrott P, Rigg B (2001) “Effect of sleeve colour and background colour on change-in-colour assessments”, Coloration Technology. 117.3: 123-126.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1478-4408.2001.tb00049.x

  • Yates TA, Thomson MGA, Wuerger SM, Westland S, Partridge RJ (2001) “Higher-order statistics and the coloured structure of natural scenes”, PERCEPTION. 30: 110-110.

  • Chou W, Lin H, Luo MR, Westland S, Rigg B, Nobbs J (2001) “Performance of lightness difference formulae”, COLOR TECHNOL. 117.1: 19-29.

  • Wuerger SM, Morgan M, Westland S, Owens HC (2000) “The spatio-chromatic sensitivity of the visual system”, Physiological Measurement. 21.4: 505-513.

  • Westland S, Shaw AJ, Owens HC (2000) “Colour statistics of natural and man-made surfaces”, Sensor Review. 20.1: 50-55.

  • Westland S, Ripamonti C (2000) “Invariant cone-excitation ratios may predict transparency”, Journal of the Optical Society of America. 17.2: 255-264.

  • Westland S (1998) “Artificial Neural Networks explained - Part II”, Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. : 312-315.

  • Foster DH, Westland S (1998) “Application of the repeated loess method to psychophysical analysis”, Journal of Mathematical Psychology. 42: 500-510.

  • Foster DH, Westland S (1998) “Multiple groups of orientation-selective visual mechanisms underlying oriented-line detection”, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B. Biological Sciences. 265.1406: 1605-1613.

  • Westland S (1998) “Artificial Neural Networks explained - Part I”, Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. : 274-276.

  • Westland S, Foster DH (1995) “Optimized model of oriented-line-target detection using vertical and horizontal filters”, Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision. 12.8: 1617-1622.
    DOI: 10.1364/JOSAA.12.001617

  • Westland S, Foster DH (1995) “Orientation Contrast vs Orientation in Line-Target Detection”, Vision Research. 35.6: 733-738.

  • Westland S (1994) “Advances in Artificial Intelligence for the Colour Industry”, Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. 107: 235-235.

  • Bishop JM, Bushnell MJ, Westland S (1991) “Application of neural networks to computer recipe prediction”, Color Research & Application. 16.1: 3-9.
    DOI: 10.1002/col.5080160104

  • Westland S, Nobbs JH (1991) “The Influence of Substrate Reflectance on the Accuracy of Measurement of the Kubelka-Munk Coefficients of Translucent Printing Inks”, Journal of Oil and Colour Chemists Association. 74.7: 240-240.

  • Westland S, Bishop JM, Bushnell MJ, usher AL (1991) “An intelligent approach to colour recipe prediction”, Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. 107: 235-237.

Chapters

  • Westland S (2015) “Interpolation of Spectral Data”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-3
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_366-1

  • Westland S (2015) “USC Diagrams; Uniform Chromaticity Scales; Yu'v'”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-3
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_10-1

  • Westland S (2015) “Dalton, John”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer.
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8

  • Westland S (2015) “Rushton, William A. H.”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-2
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_345-1

  • Briggs D, Westland S (2015) “Itten, Johannes”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-3
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_340-1

  • Westland S (2015) “CIE Whiteness”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-5
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_5-1

  • Westland S (2015) “CIE Chromaticity Coordinates (xyY)”, In: Luo MR (eds.) Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology. Springer. 1-4
    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_1-1

  • Westland S, Cheung V (2011) CMYK Systems. Springer-Verlag. 155-160

  • Westland S (2011) “The CIE System”, In: Chen J; Cranton W; Fihn M (eds.) Handbook of Visual Display Technology. Springer-Verlag.

  • Westland S, Cheung TLV (2011) “RGB Systems”, In: Chen J; Cranton W; Fihn M (eds.) Handbook of Visual Display Technology. 2012: Springer-Verlag. 147-154

  • Westland S (2011) “Color Communication”, In: Chen J; Cranton W; Fihn M (eds.) Handbook of Visual Display Technology. Springer-Verlag.

  • Moreland JD, Westland S (2010) “Macular Pigment: Nature's Notch Filter”, In: Normal and Defective Colour Vision. Oxford University Press.
    DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0028

  • Moreland JD, Westland S (2010) “Macular Pigment: Nature's Notch Filter”, In: Normal and Defective Colour Vision.
    DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525301.003.0028

  • Westland S, Cheung V (2006) “Colour Perception”, In: Xin JH (eds.) Total colour management in textiles. Woodhead Publishing Limited. 7-21

  • Westland S (2004) “Color, in Esthetic Color Training in Dentistry”, In: Paravina RD; Powers JM (eds.) Color, in Esthetic Color Training in Dentistry. Elsevier Mosby. 3-16

  • Moreland JD, Westland S (2003) “Macular pigment: Nature's notch pigment, in normal and defective colour vision”, In: Mollon JD; Pokorny J; Knoblauch K (eds.) Nature's notch pigment, in normal and defective colour vision. Oxford University Press. 273-278

  • Westland S (2002) “Functional Colour Vision, in Signals and Perception: The Fundamentals of Human Sensation”, In: Roberts D (eds.) Functional Colour Vision, in Signals and Perception: The Fundamentals of Human Sensation. Palgrave. 91-202

  • Westland S (2002) “Colour science, in Signals and Perception”, In: Roberts D (eds.) The Fundamentals of Human Sensation. The Fundamentals of Human Sensation. 133-146

  • Thomson MGA, Westland S (2002) “Spectral colour statistics of surfaces, in Colour Image Science”, In: MacDonald L; Luo MR (eds.) Exploiting Digital Media. Exploiting Digital Media. 99-113

  • Westland S (2002) “Models of colour perception and colour appearance, in Colour in Food: Improving Quality”, In: MacDougal DB (eds.) Colour in Food: improving quality. Woodhead Publishing Ltd. 64-79

Conference papers

  • Pan Q, Katemake P, Westland S (2016) Neural Networks for Transformation to Spectral Spaces. 3rd Conference of the Asia Color Association (Accepted)
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/98303/

  • Hasbullah SW, Westland S, Cheung V (2016) Textile pattern for different looks. Proceedings: Proceedings of NordDesign, NordDesign 2016 1
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/108384/

  • Attiah DY, Cheung TLV, Westland S, Bromilow D (2015) Colour terms in the interior design process. AIC2015 Tokyo - Color and Image: Midterm Meeting of the International Colour Association Proceedings: Proceeding of AIC 2015 The Color Science Association of Japan.: 482-487.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/86689/

  • Westland S, Pan Q, Li Y, Lee S (2015) Development of a Wide-Gamut Digital Image Set. AIC2015 TOKYO: Color and Image: Midterm Meeting of the International Colour Association Proceedings: AIC2015 TOKYO: Color and Image. Book of Abstracts Color Science Association of Japan (CSAJ).: 93-94.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/98626/

  • Brasil M, Westland S, Pan Q (2014) Color naming transitions. 22nd Color and Imaging Conference: Colour Science, Systems and Applications Proceedings: Proceedings of 22nd Color and Imaging Conference: Colour Science, Systems and Applications Society for Imaging Science and Technology. 22: 155-158.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83694/

  • Attiah DY, Cheung TLV, Bromilow D, Westland S (2014) Colour planning in the interior design process. The Second Conference of Asia Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of the Second Conference of Asia Color Association Color Association of Taiwan.: 188-191.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83038/

  • Li Y, Westland S, Pan Q, Cheung V (2014) Methods to assess the relative number of discernible colors for displays. Proceedings: Final Program and Proceedings - IS and T/SID Color Imaging Conference 2014-January.January: 151-154.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82889/

  • Tantcheva E, Cheung TLV, Westland (2013) The use of colour measurement in research into art heritage. ACA2013: First Asia Color Association Conference Proceedings: Proceedings of ACA2013: First Asia Color Association Conference Asia Color Association.: 268-271.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83039/

  • Vazirian M, Cheung TLV, westland S (2013) Display characterization for moving images. IS&T's Twenty-first Color and Imaging Conference: Colour Science, Systems and Applications Proceedings: 21st Color and Imaging Conference Final Program and Proceedings Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 167-170.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83040/

  • Chen CY, Li D, Cassidy T, Cheung TLV (2013) Effects of colour and emotion in illustration. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 881-884.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/81209/

  • Batarfi K, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2013) Application of the four-colour theorem to the surfaces of polyhedra. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 1153-1156.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82909/

  • Henry PM, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2013) Colour selection strategies in colour design. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 1157-1160.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82910/

  • Mahyar F, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2013) Complementary colour harmony in different colour spaces. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 985-988.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82917/

  • Rhodes PA (2013) Rendering the CIE 1931 Chromaticity Diagram. 12th Congress of the International Colour Association Proceedings: AIC Colour 2013: Proceedings The Colour Group. 4: 1469-1472.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/86672/

  • Duan Y, Cheung TLV, Cassidy T, Carnie BW (2013) Evaluation of colour effects on knitted fabrics using marl yarns. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: 12th Congress of the International Colour Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 1721-1724.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/81211/

  • Vazirian M, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2013) Effect of background colour on monitor characterisation. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 1025-1028.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/82912/

  • Kitsara C, Luo MR, Cheung TLV, Cui G (2013) The effect of age on observer variability. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 1641-1644.

  • Tantcheva E, Cheung TLV, Westland S (2013) Study of the use of the colour blue in Byzantine and early post-Byzantine church decoration in the context of the presumed contemporary interior lighting. AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of AIC Colour 2013: Twelfth Congress of the International Color Association The Colour Group (Great Britain).: 909-912.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83041/

  • Tao L, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2012) Studies of blackness preference and perception. AIC 2012: Interim Meeting of the International Colour Association International Colour Association.: 294-297.

  • Westland S, Hemingray C, Cheung TLV (2012) Novel neural netowrk application for printer characterization. AIC 2012 Interim Meeting of the International Colour Association (AIC) International Colour Association.: 594-597.

  • Li Y, Cheung TLV, Westland S (2012) Monte-Carlo simulations for paired-comparison experiments. AIC 2012: Interim Meeting of the International Colour Association International Colour Association.: 318-321.

  • Tao L, Westland S, Cheung V (2012) Blackness: preference and perception (value and chroma). Sixth European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision Proceedings: CGIV 2012 Final Program and Proceedings Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 253-258.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83042/

  • Chen Q, Wang LJ, Westland S (2011) Analysis of Hyperspectral Images Based on PCA. Proceedings: SPORTS MATERIALS, MODELLING AND SIMULATION 187: 641-646.
    DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.187.641

  • Chen QA, Wang LJ, Westland S (2011) A Novel Method for Representation of Spectral Images Based on Color Matching Functions. Proceedings: ADVANCED MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, PTS 1-2 181-182: 410-415.
    DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.181-182.410

  • Moreland JD, Westland S, Cheung V, Dain SJ (2010) Quantitative assessment of commercial filter 'aids' for red-green colour defectives. Proceedings: OPHTHALMIC AND PHYSIOLOGICAL OPTICS 30.5: 685-692.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2010.00761.x

  • Cheung V, Westland S, Li Y (2009) Experimental design in incomplete paired-comparison experiments. The IS&T/SID's Seventeenth Color Imaging Conference : 107-110.

  • Paravina RD, Westland S, Johnston WM, Powers JM (2008) Color adjustment potential of resin composites.. Proceedings: J Dent Res 87.5: 499-503.

  • Mahyar F, Cheung V, Westland S, Henry P (2007) Investigation of complementary colour harmony in CIELAB colour space. Midterm Meeting of the International Color Association Proceedings: Proceedings of the Midterm Meeting of the International Color Association 2007 International Colour Association.: 82-85.
    Repository URL: http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/83854/

  • Kim YJ, Luo MR, Rhodes PA, Cheung V, Westland S, Lee SS, Kwak Y, Park DS, Kim CY (2007) Measurement of Perceived Brightness and Contrast Sensitivity for Outdoor Condition. Proceedings: 26th Session of the CIE 26th Session of the CIE.

  • Kim JS, Cho MS, Koo BK, Luo MR, Westland S (2007) Image quality modelling for moving streams. Proceedings: FIFTEENTH COLOR IMAGING CONFERENCE: COLOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGIES, AND APPLICATIONS, FINAL PROGRAM AND PROCEEDINGS : 122-126.

  • Westland S, Cheung TLV, Lozman OR (2006) A metric for predicting perceptual blackness. The IS&T/SID's Fourteenth Color Imaging Conference Springfield, Va.: Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 14-17.

  • Chen Q, Cheung TLV, Westland S (2006) Effect of spatial structure on visual tolerence. The IS&T/SID's Fourteenth Color Imaging Conference Springfield, Va.: Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 268-272.

  • Henry PM, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2006) An intuitive color-selection tool. The IS&T/SID's Fourteenth Color Imaging Conference Springfield, Va.: Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 144-147.

  • Kim YJ, Yoo J, Luo MR, Rhodes PA, Westland S, Choe WH (2006) Image quality modelling for mobile displays. Proceedings: <i>IS&T/ID's Fourteenth Color Imaging Conference</i>, Scottsdale, Arizona Springfield, Va.: Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 159-164.

  • Kitaguchi S, Luo MR, Westland S (2006) Assessing texture difference for metallic coating on different media. Proceedings: The 14th Colour Imaging Conference, IS&T and SID, Scottsdale, Arizona The 14th Colour Imaging Conference, IS&T and SID, Scottsdale, Arizona.: 197-202.

  • Kato Y, Cheung TLV, Kitaguchi S, Westland S, Yasunaga H, Sato T (2006) Cultural preferences for hair colour. International Colour Association Interim Meeting: Colour in Culture and Colour in Fashion : 44-47.

  • Banyard GD, Cassidy T, Grishanov SA, Westland S (2006) A comparison of various methods for establishing the relationship between structure and colour for fibre blends in yarn. Proceedings: Proceedings of the International Color Association meeting: Colour in culture and colour in fashion Proceedings of the International Color Association meeting: Colour in culture and colour in fashion.

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Brunton PA, Pretty I (2006) Validation of a Tooth-Imaging System in Tooth-Whitening Trials. Proceedings: The Third European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision Society for Imaging Science and Technology.: 40-43.

  • Kitaguchi S, MacDonald L, Westland S (2006) Evaluating contrast sensitivity - art. no. 605704. Proceedings: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XI 6057: 5704-5704.

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Pretty I (2006) Uncertainties in tooth colour measurement using digital camera. 30th International Congress of Imaging Science (ICIS 06) : 582-584.

  • Gatt A, Westland S, Bala R (2006) Increasing dimensionality for soft proofing. Proceedings: The IS&T/SID's Fourteenth Color Imaging Conference Springfield, Va.: Society for Imaging Science and Technology. (Accepted)

  • Chen Q, Cheung TLV, Westland S (2005) Physical modelling of spectral reflectance. Tenth Congress of the International Color Association : 1151-1154.

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Pretty I (2005) Testing the performance of a modified whiteness formula for dentistry. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 13th Color Imaging Conference Proceedings of the 13th Color Imaging Conference.: 59-62.

  • Chen Q, Westland S, MacDonald LW (2005) Efficient representation of spectral transmittance. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 1657-1660.

  • Kitaguchi S, Westland S, Luo MR (2005) Suitability of texture analysis methods for perceptual texture. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association (AIC Colour '05), May 8-13, Granada, Spain Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Colour Association (AIC Colour '05), May 8-13, Granada, Spain.: 923-926.

  • Henry PM, Westland S, Burkinshaw SM, Cheung TLV (2005) How well can people predict subtractive mixing?. 13th Color Imaging Conference : 85-88.

  • Kim JS, Cho MS, Westland S, Luo MR (2005) Image quality assessment for photographic images. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 1095-1098.

  • Westland S (2005) Models of the visual system and their application to image-quality assessment. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 309-312.

  • Gatt A, Westland S, Bala R, Ling Y (2005) Testing the softproofing paradigm II. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 1243-1246.

  • Luo W, Westland S, Ellwood R, Pretty I (2005) Evaluation of whiteness formulae for teeth. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 839-842.

  • Luo W, Luo MR, Westland S, Tarrant A, Robertson A (2005) Measuring the uncertainty of colour matching. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association Proceedings of the 10th Congress of the International Color Association.: 1087-1090.

  • Iovine L, Westland S, Cheung TLV (2004) Application of Neugebauer-based models to ceramic printing. IS&T/SID's Twelfth Color Imaging Conference : 176-180.

  • Cheung TLV, Westland S (2004) Color selections for characterisation charts. Second European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging, and Vision : 116-119.

  • Gatt A, Westland S, Bala R (2004) Testing the softproofing paradigm. Proceedings: 12TH COLOR IMAGING CONFERENCE: COLOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS : 187-192.

  • Connah D, Hardeberg JY, Westland S (2004) Comparison of spectral reconstruction methods for multispectral colour imaging. Proceedings: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Image Processing, Singapore Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Image Processing, Singapore.: 1497-1500.

  • Gatt A, Bala R, Westland S (2004) Accurate and robust color softproofing. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 12th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA Proceedings of the 12th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA.: 187-192.

  • Connah D, Hardeberg JY, Westland S (2004) Comparison of linear spectral reconstruction methods for multispectral imaging. Proceedings: ICIP: 2004 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON IMAGE PROCESSING, VOLS 1- 5 : 1497-1500.

  • Cheung TLV, Westland S (2003) Accurate estimation of the non-linearity of input-output response for color digital cameras. PICS: Image Processing, Image Quality, Image Capture, Systems Conference : 366-369.

  • Cheung TLV, Westland S (2003) An evaluation of multispectral imaging techniques for camera characterization. Proceedings: ELEVENTH COLOR IMAGING CONFERENCE: COLOR SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING - SYSTEMS, TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS : 193-198.

  • Cheung TLV, Westland S (2003) A review of multispectral imaging techniques for characterisation of color cameras: theory and practice. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 11th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA. Proceedings of the 11th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA.: 193-198.

  • Cheung TLV, Westland S (2002) Colour camera characterisation using artificial neural networks. IS&T/SID's Tenth Color Imaging Conference, : 117-120.

  • Westland S, Da Pos P, Ripamonti C (2002) Conditions for perceptual transparency. Proceedings: Proceedings of SPIE: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VII, San Jose, USA Proceedings of SPIE: Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VII, San Jose, USA.: 315-323.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2002) Effect of image articulation on perceptual transparency. 1st European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging and Vision (CGIV 2002) : 33-36.

  • Westland S, Iovine L, Bishop JM (2002) Kubelka-munk or neural networks for computer colorant formulation?. 9th Congress of the International-Colour-Association (AIC) Proceedings: P SOC PHOTO-OPT INS 4421: 745-748.

  • Owens HC, Westland S, Van de Velde K, Delabastita P, Jung J (2002) Contrast sensitivity for lime-purpe and cyan-orange gratings. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 10th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA Proceedings of the 10th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, USA.: 145-148.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2002) Perception of transparency, in Colour Image Science: Exploiting Digital Media. Proceedings: Perception of transparency, in Colour Image Science: Exploiting Digital Media John Wiley & Sons.

  • Connah D, Westland S, Thomson MGA (2002) Optimization of a multispectral imaging system. 1st European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging and Vision (CGIV 2002) : 619-622.

  • Westland S (2001) Artificial neural networks and colour recipe prediction. Proceedings: Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds.3: 225-233.

  • Connah D, Westland S, Thomson MGA (2001) A computational model for the design of a multispectral imaging system. Proceedings: Proceedings of the 9th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale USA Proceedings of the 9th Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale USA.: 130-134.

  • MacDonald L, Westland S, Liu DM (2001) Multispectral image encoding and compression. 9th Annual Color Imaging Conference : 135-140.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2001) Perceptual Transparency. Proceedings: Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Associatio, Rochester, USA Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Associatio, Rochester, USA.4421: 295-298.

  • Paltridge RJ, Thomson MGA, Yates T, Westland S (2001) Color spaces for discrimination and categorisation in natural scenes. Proceedings: Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Association, Rochester, USA Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Association, Rochester, USA.4421: 877-880.

  • Noriega LA, Heptinstall AR, Luo MR, Westland S (2001) The perception of achromatic differences. Proceedings: Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds.3: 195-204.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S, Wuerger SM, Thomson MGA (2001) Natural Image Statistics: the search for natural metamers. Proceedings: Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds Proceedings of Colour Science 98, University of Leeds.3: 41-50.

  • Connah D, Westland S, Thomson MGA (2001) Parametric investigation of multispectral imaging. Proceedings: Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Association, Rochester, USA Proceedings of SPIE: 9th Congress of the International Color Association, Rochester, USA.4421: 943-946.

  • Wuerger SM, Owens HC, Westland S (2000) Blur tolerance in different colour directions. Proceedings: International Conference on Color in Graphics and Image Processing CGIP'2000, Saint-Etienne, France International Conference on Color in Graphics and Image Processing CGIP'2000, Saint-Etienne, France.: 305-310.

  • Ripamonti C, Westland S (2000) Correlation between cone-excitation ratios invariance and perception of transparency. Proceedings: Colour Image Science 2000, Derby University Colour Image Science 2000, Derby University.: 329-338.

  • Owens HC, Westland S, Doherty LM (2000) Representation of natural reflectance spectra by an auto-associative neural network. Proceedings: Colour Image Science 2000, Derby University Colour Image Science 2000, Derby University.: 304-311.

Others

  • Westland S, Zhang X (2012) “Welcome to CIC20!”, Final Program and Proceedings - IS and T/SID Color Imaging Conference.

  • Westland S (2009) Colour Chat Blog. internet: wordpress.

External Appointments

Member of the International Advisory Board of the Colour and Imaging Institute (Tsinghua University, China), 2009-

Senior Adjunct Scientist at Dental School of the University of Texas (USA), 2010-

Adviser  for Colour Science Research Unit, Chulalongkorn University (Thailand), 2014-

External Examiner for MA Design and MSc Integrated Product at Brunel University, 2012-2016.

PhD & Postdoctoral Supervision

Research Students Supervised

L Yu, PhD, current – colour and branding with big data
N Ciccone, PhD, current – colour and impulsiveness
SJ Lee, PhD, current – colour and creativity
K Findlater, PhD, current – HDR imaging
SW Hasbullah, PhD, current – colour and fashion
M Vazirian, PhD, current – colour management
S Won, PhD, completed 2016 – colour information in design
EA Gaston, PhD, completed 2016 – The relationship between colour, form and texture and their influence on pattern perception in Fair Isle knitted fabrics
SC Kao, PhD, completed 2015 – computer animation
C Hemingray, PhD, completed 2014 – colour prediction for sustainable fibre blending
PM Henry, PhD, completed 2014 – colour-picker tool for design
L Tao, PhD, completed 2013 – colour in product design
MM Daroodi, PhD, completed 2013 – colour semiotics
Y Li, PhD, completed 2012 – incomplete pair-comparison experiments
J Wang, MPhil, completed 2011 – colour management in textile design
Q Pan, PhD, completed 2011 – inkjet printing system for textiles
F Mahyar, PhD, completed 2010 – investigating colour harmony in the context of design
Y Zhang, PhD, completed 2009 – inkjet printing system for textiles
W Luo, PhD, completed 2008 – assessment of tooth colour
A Gatt, PhD, completed 2008 – cross-media colour reproduction
Q Chen, PhD, completed 2006 – multispectral imaging
L Iovine, PhD, completed 2005 – colour space transformations
TLV Cheung, PhD, completed 2004 – colour camera characterization
DR Connah, PhD, completed 2004 – multispectral imaging
C Ripamonti, PhD, completed 2002 – perception of transparency
HC Owens, PhD, completed 2002 – spatiochromatic processing in humans and machines
ARH Heptinstall, MPhil, completed 1999 – perception of lightness differences

D Attiah, PhD, current (second supervisor) – colour in interior design
P McEntaggart, PhD, current (second supervisor)
A Alawami, DrPS, completed 2015 (second supervisor) – assessment of tooth whiteness
G Salihu, PhD, completed 2015 (second supervisor) – sustainable coloration
YJ Cho, PhD, completed 2015 (second supervisor) – colour imaging
GF Wei, PhD, completed 2012 (second supervisor) – colour vision models
JS Kim, PhD, completed 2009 (second supervisor) – colour appearance modelling for moving images
S Kitaguchi, PhD, completed 2008 (second supervisor) – modelling the appearance of special-effect colours
R Summers, PhD, completed 2005 (second supervisor) – natural image statistics
SMM Lee, PhD (Hong Kong), completed 2004 (second supervisor) – image-difference metrics
S Bouzit, PhD, completed 2004 (second supervisor) – image-quality assessment
SY Zhu, PhD, completed 2002 (second supervisor) – uniform colour spaces for image applications
I Castellarin, Laurea (Italy, MPhil equivalent), completed 2000 (second supervisor) – colour statistics of surfacesN Ciccone, PhD, current – colour and impulsiveness
SJ Lee, PhD, current – environmental colour design
K Findlater, PhD, current – HDR imaging
SW Hasbullah, PhD, current – colour and fashion
M Vazirian, PhD, current – colour management
S Won, PhD, current – colour information in design
EA Gaston, PhD, current – The relationship between colour, form and texture and their influence on pattern perception in Fair Isle knitted fabrics
SC Kao, PhD, current – computer animation
C Hemingray, PhD, completed 2014 – colour prediction for sustainable fibre blending
PM Henry, PhD, completed 2014 – colour-picker tool for design
L Tao, PhD, completed 2013 – colour in product design
MM Daroodi, PhD, completed 2013 – colour semiotics
Y Li, PhD, completed 2012 – incomplete pair-comparison experiments
J Wang, MPhil, completed 2011 – colour management in textile design
Q Pan, PhD, completed 2011 – inkjet printing system for textiles
F Mahyar, PhD, completed 2010 – investigating colour harmony in the context of design
Y Zhang, PhD, completed 2009 – inkjet printing system for textiles
W Luo, PhD, completed 2008 – assessment of tooth colour
A Gatt, PhD, completed 2008 – cross-media colour reproduction
Q Chen, PhD, completed 2006 – multispectral imaging
L Iovine, PhD, completed 2005 – colour space transformations
TLV Cheung, PhD, completed 2004 – colour camera characterization
DR Connah, PhD, completed 2004 – multispectral imaging
C Ripamonti, PhD, completed 2002 – perception of transparency
HC Owens, PhD, completed 2002 – spatiochromatic processing in humans and machines
ARH Heptinstall, MPhil, completed 1999 – perception of lightness differences

A Alawami, DrPS, current (second supervisor) – assessment of tooth whiteness
D Attiah, PhD, current (second supervisor) – colour in interior design
G Salihu, PhD, current (second supervisor) – sustainable coloration
P McEntaggart, PhD, current (second supervisor)
YJ Cho, PhD, current (second supervisor) – colour imaging
GF Wei, PhD, completed 2012 (second supervisor) – colour vision models
JS Kim, PhD, completed 2009 (second supervisor) – colour appearance modelling for moving images
S Kitaguchi, PhD, completed 2008 (second supervisor) – modelling the appearance of special-effect colours
R Summers, PhD, completed 2005 (second supervisor) – natural image statistics
SMM Lee, PhD (Hong Kong), completed 2004 (second supervisor) – image-difference metrics
S Bouzit, PhD, completed 2004 (second supervisor) – image-quality assessment
SY Zhu, PhD, completed 2002 (second supervisor) – uniform colour spaces for image applications
I Castellarin, Laurea (Italy, MPhil equivalent), completed 2000 (second supervisor) – colour statistics of surfaces

Professional Practice

Professor Westland has undertaken a wide range of consultancy projects over the last 20 years and his clients include Unilever (UK), Colgate (UK/USA), Tetley Tea (UK), Oki (UK), Crown Paint (UK), 8London (UK), Samsung (Korea) and ETRI (Korea).

He is also an experienced presenter at colour training courses for industry.

He is the author of ChessTutor Lite – a mobile phone app that teaches people how to play better chess.

Links

Colourchat blog

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